INSTRUCTIONS FOR WRITING QUALITY ABSTRACTS
- Titles and Affiliations
Titles should be concise, with a clear statement of the variables (independent
and dependent), species, housing/condition (corral-living, zoo-living,
free-ranging, etc.), and for field studies, location of the study. The
design should be clear from the wording of the title; for nonexperimental
research, avoid words that imply causation.
The full mailing address of the first author (presumably the presenting
author) should be given, and for co-authors, provide institutional affiliations
only, if different from that of the first author.
- Body of the Abstract (225 word limit)
Given below are recommendations for what should be included in an abstract.
Remember that not all of these recommended elements apply to all types
of studies (and abstracts). Please include, however, all relevant and appropriate
- The first 1-2 sentences of the abstract should indicate the theoretical
rationale or practical purpose for the work.
- The common and scientific name for the species studied should appear
in the title or body of the abstract, and the scientific name should be
italicized or underlined.
- The hypotheses being tested, whether phrased as predictions, research
questions, or research problems, should be stated clearly; these can be
incorporated into the stated purpose.
- With respect to Methods, include:
- basic design of the study
- sample sizes
- data collection and/or sampling techniques
- size of the data set (number of hours of observation, duration of study,
- With respect to Results, include:
- explicit statements of results relevant to the stated hypotheses
and purpose, including some indication of the statistical strategy used
- level of significance (alpha level)
- direction of effect or relationship
- End abstracts with conclusions or implications of the results, linking
the interpretation with the purpose, whether theoretical or applied. Do
not state that "Results will be discussed."
- Acknowledgment of funding sources may be included, if so desired and if
Abstracts will be published and may be cited, so prepare a complete summary
of your work that can be understood without any supporting or additional
information. Please (1) check spelling and grammar carefully, (2) use metric
units of measurement, and (3) define all acronyms and nonstandard abbreviations.
Contributors should inspect several complete abstracts from the 1995 meeting
- abstracts by Bloomsmith and Haberstroh, Digby and Barreto, and Fernald
et al.. These abstracts were chosen to be representative of different aspects
of primatology - a study of well-being of captive nonhuman primates, a
field study, and a physiological study . While these abstracts might not
contain all the recommended elements mentioned above, most elements are
included. Please note that these abstracts were not subject to the new
225 word limit for the body of the abstract.
(Note of Acknowledgment: The instructions provided on this page were developed
by both the 1994-1996 and 1996-1998 ASP Program Committees.)