Abstract # 1169 Event # 212:

Scheduled for Wednesday, June 28, 2006 10:00 AM-01:00 PM: Session 34 (Kama A) Symposium

SYMPOSIUM: Bonobos revisited: Ecology, behavior, genetics, and conservation. Part 1: Recent advances in bonobo studies

T. Furuichi1, B. Fruth2 and J. Thompson3
1Meiji-Gakuin University, Faculty of International Studies, 1518 Kamikurata, Totsuka, Yokohama, Kanagawa 244-8539, Japan, 2Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 3Lukuru Wildlife Research Project
     Field research on the bonobo has been hindered because their global range is limited to a single area that has been eclipsed by human conflict. Responding to the cessation of hostilities across the bonobos range, field research and conservation efforts have been infused and expanded. This symposium consists of two parts: one for research and another for conservation. In this first part, we will present recent advances in bonobo studies in various fields. The captive behavioral studies have sustained academic pursuits during the absence of field studies, and present important problems to be solved in the resumed field studies. These studies try to answer why bonobos have some unique characteristics such as high social status of females and flexible social relationships. Broad genetic analysis across the wild population will be asserted in support of a global management action and site specific analysis will reveal how genetics are used to re-identify individuals after an extended interruption to long-term research. Ecological studies at a newly established site and an ongoing site in Salonga National Park, as well as the long-term Wamba site (Luo Scientific Reserve) will provide valuable information for the comprehension of ecological adaptation of bonobos. These studies, which are employing recent methods for ecological studies of other great apes, will provide valuable information for the comparative studies of ape ecological adaptation and evolution. Tommaso Paoli, Jeroen M.G. Stevens, Jonas Eriksson, Chie Hashimoto, Gay Reinartz, Gottfried Hohmann, Mbangi Mulavwa, Takeshi Furuichi.