Abstract # 1152 Event # 239:

Scheduled for Wednesday, June 28, 2006 02:00 PM-04:20 PM: Session 38 (Princess) Symposium

Symposium: Primate disease ecology and conservation

S. Krief1 and T. Goldberg2
1Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, USM 0104 Éco-anthropologie et Ethnobiologie & USM 0502 Chimie et Biochimie des Substances Naturelles, 57 rue Cuvier , Paris 75231, France, 2University of Illinois
     Infectious disease has emerged as a significant factor affecting the conservation status of non-human primates throughout the world. As a result, increasing attention is being paid to the roles of habitat disruption, human-primate and primate-plant interactions, as well as altered vector dynamics in affecting the prevalence and severity of wild primate diseases. Faced with the major threat of emerging diseases, systematic health monitoring in primates has been promoted and programmes in sanctuaries or in wild conditions implement today our knowledge of wild apes health status in relation with their environment. Some previously understudied diseases in wild apes as malaria have also been recently investigated. The study of microbial transmission rates between different species of non-human primates and between human and non-human primates will provide new inputs in the transmission ecology of pathogens. Finally, investigation of items ingested by both humans and chimpanzees including plants and soil in Uganda, have recently led to discover new pharmacological properties, highlighting behavioral responses of primates to infection. These studies all demonstrate the importance of protecting forest diversity both for human and non-human primates health and conservation.