Abstract # 13113 Event # 43:

Scheduled for Thursday, August 9, 2018 02:45 PM-05:00 PM: (Chula Vista ) Oral Presentation


J. P. Capitanio
California National Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
     In the past two decades, there has been an explosion of interest in personality research in many different animal species, but especially in nonhuman primate species. In general, personality describes a pattern of adaptation to the environment, and is a term that can be applied to a species (e.g., contrast titi monkeys and squirrel monkeys), to groups of animals (contrast animals living in the forest with animals living in cities), and to individuals. Often, discussion about personality assessment focuses only on measurement issues – should one use trait ratings or behavioral codes? A more neglected aspect of personality assessment, however, is whether it is more informative to understand personality by unobtrusively observing animals as they go about their day, or by constructing fixed situations in which animals can show their characteristic patterns of response – regardless of measurement technique. In this presentation, I will discuss all of these issues, but focus especially on the last issue. While there is no right or wrong way to assess personality in nonverbal beings, it is important to recognize the assumptions and limitations of the methods we use.