Abstract # 13170 Event # 32:

Scheduled for Thursday, August 9, 2018 10:00 AM-10:15 AM: (Chula Vista ) Oral Presentation


A COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAM TO MANAGE MACAQUE PAIRS: BEHAVIOR, ENRICHMENT, ANIMAL TRAINING AND OPERATIONAL ADJUSTMENTS

J. E. Perlman, M. A. Truelove, A. N. Franklin and M. A. Bloomsmith
Yerkes National Primate Research Center, 954 Gatewood Road NE, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
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     A comprehensive behavioral management program includes behavioral assessment, social monitoring, enrichment application, and animal training. When combined these tools provide many means to manage pair-housed macaques. This presentation will describe several ways we use behavioral data to identify and address behavioral problems in our pair-housed macaques. One/zero behavioral data on abnormal, fearful and anxiety behaviors were collected on caged rhesus macaques thrice weekly during the 60 days prior to, and following, pair formation. We analyzed these data to identify problematic behaviors that might accompany recently-formed pairs. An assessment of 52 rhesus pairs (88 females, 16 males) revealed a significant increase in anxiety (t(51)=-3.241, p=0.002) and abnormal appetitive behaviors (t(51)=-2.423, p=0.019) after pair-housing, and no changes in fearful or other abnormal behaviors. A second type of data, generated by reports of behaviors of concern by veterinary, animal care and research staff are useful in the identification of behavioral problems observed in the course of their daily activities with the monkeys. Over a three-year period, behavioral management has received 1,585 behaviors of concern reports: 16% social behavioral problems (e.g., resource aggression, fighting); 74% abnormal behaviors; and 10% enrichment issues (e.g., not manipulating enrichment). Concerns are addressed through application of treatments, as warranted, following intergroup discussions and further assessment. Our integrative approach to management of pair-housed macaques serves to improve the welfare of the individual and the dyad.