Abstract # 13173 Poster # 63:

Scheduled for Thursday, August 9, 2018 06:00 PM-08:00 PM: (Chula Vista ) Poster Presentation


CONCORDANCE OF CAPTIVE JAPANESE MACAQUE (MACACA FUSCATA) MOTHER PERSONALITY WITH INFANT BEHAVIORS

K. N. Gartland, I. Minton and F. J. White
University of Oregon, Department of Anthropology, 304 Condon Hall, EUGENE, OR 97403, USA
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     Personality types have been identified and studied in a number of primates both as a management tool and a means for understanding differences in individual behavior. In particular, maternal dominance characteristics have been observed to influence infant behavior in what may be a complex interaction of personality types. This effect has been examined in macaque species because of their tendency towards hierarchical and matrilineal inherited dominance. Results from these studies show a complex relationship between maternal personality type and associated mothering style and infant independence and behaviors. In this study, we tested for concordance between the personality types of 9 Japanese macaque mothers (Macaca fuscata) and their infants at the Oregon National Primate Research Center. A Mantel test revealed no significant differences between the mother and infant behavioral similarity matrices (t=-0.969; p=0.1662, ns). SAHN clustering identified personality types within both the mothers and the infants, and these clusters were mostly consistent between mothers and infants, with two inconsistencies probably driven by sample size effects. This appears to suggest, similarly to other studies, that there is concordance between the degree of maternal protectiveness and expression of infant independence.