Abstract # 2105 Event # 10:

Scheduled for Thursday, June 21, 2007 09:45 AM-11:30 AM: Session 2 (North Main Hall E) Workshop

Macaca fascicularis Workshop: Resolving Macaque/Human Conflicts

M. D. Gumert
Hiram College, Hiram, OH 44234, USA
     The long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is a highly adaptive, generalized primate that has successfully exploited numerous habitats in Asia. Their ecological and behavioral flexibility has brought them into conflict with humans at an increasing rate due to habitat alterations. Adapting well to human-altered landscapes, they have become commensal in certain regions and can raid crops, trash deposits and otherwise become pests. Moreover, long-tailed macaques have been introduced onto a few islands and may pose conservation problems for local flora and fauna in these cases. Close contact between humans and macaques in areas where they are commensal has raised concerns about bidirectional disease transmission, especially in eco-tourist settings. The increasing numbers of captive macaques, many confiscated from the pet trade, have been overwhelming the rehabilitation and conservation facilities that can house them. Despite decades of service to biomedical research, wild long-tailed macaque populations remain poorly understood. Better assessment of this species is needed to determine levels of human/macaque conflict and to identify sub-populations that may need protection or management. Experts on this species need to plan and initiate strategies to assess the long-tailed macaque population and to propose solutions to manage it in a successful and humane manner. Future efforts must address these problems and should aim to educate the conservation community about the importance of studying highly successful macaque populations to alleviate human/macaque conflict.