Abstract # 172:

Scheduled for Saturday, June 23, 2007 08:30 AM-08:45 AM: Session 16 (North Main Hall F/G) Symposium

Scientifically-based Behavioral Management of Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)

M. A. Bloomsmith1,2 and J. G. Else1
1Yerkes National Primate Research Center, 954 Gatewood Rd, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA, 2Center for Conservation and Behavior, Georgia Tech
     The current status of behavioral management programs for chimpanzees in both zoos and laboratories will be described, as an example of how behavioral management has matured. Over the last twenty years, many facilities housing chimpanzees have added new positions, including Ph.D. level behavioral scientists, enrichment specialists and animal trainers, who focus on implementing and evaluating the behavioral management of chimpanzees. In zoos, scientifically trained curators are becoming more common. These programs have benefited from the strong research foundation that has been developed for chimpanzee enrichment, socialization, training and environmental design. We will demonstrate that most of the publications of this type are emanating from chimpanzee studies and observations in the laboratory setting, rather than in zoos, and that the number of these publications appears to be waning in recent years. We will identify issues for future consideration in zoos and laboratories. We will argue that behavioral scientists have determined a number of effective means for promoting chimpanzee well-being, and that the challenge now is to thoroughly implement what has been learned for all captive chimpanzees. Issues related to funding of this type of research and the training of future behavioral scientists in this specialty will also be discussed.