Abstract # 2930 Poster # 37:

Scheduled for Thursday, June 17, 2010 07:00 PM-09:00 PM: Session 11 (Medallion Ballroom C/D/E/F) Poster Presentation


PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE LONGTAILED MACAQUES (MACACA FASCICULARIS) ON JAVA, INDONESIA: DISTRIBUTION AND HUMAN-PRIMATE CONFLICT

R. C. Kyes1,2, E. Iskandar2 and J. Pamungkas2
1Departments of Psychology & Global Health, Center for Global Field Study, and Washington National Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 2Primate Research Center, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia
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Despite presumed abundance and widespread distribution, little recent data exist on the status of the longtailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) population in Indonesia. To provide current information on the species distribution and assess increasing media reports of growing human-primate conflict on Java, we conducted a broad-based survey of the island from 6-12 January 2009. The survey involved a west-to-east loop of Java covering a total of 2,160km. We visited several target sites based on reported macaque sightings by media, forestry officials, and leads from local people. Travel and observation occurred from 7a.m. until 8p.m. daily and involved the use of secondary roads to allow for frequent stops to query local people regarding potential sightings. Over the 7-day period, we visited 22 sites across Java with reported or confirmed monkey sightings (nature reserves, agricultural areas, local tourist sites). Reports of human-primate conflict were noted at 20 of the 22 sites and typically involved various forms of crop raiding or stealing food. The average reported population size was 102 monkeys [range: 7-300]. Also striking was the vast area with reports of “no sightings.” These macaque populations are often located in areas of human habitation, where sightings and conflict occur daily, and may lead to assumptions of over-abundance in regions where actual population size is much smaller than perceived. Supported in part by NIH Grant RR-00166.