Abstract # 2961 Event # 75:

Scheduled for Friday, June 18, 2010 03:25 PM-03:40 PM: Session 16 (Medallion Ballroom B) Oral Presentation


CHALLENGES OF INTEGRATION AND MANAGEMENT OF EX-PET AND EX-PERFORMER CHIMPANZEES

P. Ragan
Center for Great Apes, P.O. Box 488, Wauchula, FL 33873, USA
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For several decades, scientists and managers have refined social management strategies for captive chimpanzees. Most social management systems are both based on, and aim to emphasize, the natural behavioral repertoire of the species. The extant literature clearly demonstrates the negative behavioral effects of non-mother-reared chimpanzees on their social competencies and ability to navigate a dynamic social system. For instance, nursery-reared chimpanzees may be more aggressive and show lower rates of affiliative behavior than mother-reared counterparts. Very little is known about the potentially more atypical behavior patterns of chimpanzees raised as pets in private homes or actors in entertainment. Chimpanzee sanctuaries across the United States are faced with an increasing challenge, as more of these home-reared and actor chimpanzees are retired and need to be integrated into species-typical social groups. In this talk, I will discuss these challenges and how individual-based strategies have proven successful for the socialization of these chimpanzees at the Center for Great Apes (Wauchula, FL) which provides permanent care for 32 ex-pet and ex-actor chimpanzees.