Abstract # 230:

Scheduled for Monday, September 19, 2011 01:30 PM-02:30 PM: Session 31 (Salon F (Sixth Floor)) Oral Presentation


MARMOSETS AS MARMOSETS AND MARMOSETS AS MODELS: LIFE AT THE INTERFACE

S. Tardif
University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, Barshop Institute for Longevity & Aging Studies, San Antonio, TX 78245, USA
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Monkeys and apes - with large brains, long life spans and complex sociality - are fascinating to biologists, psychologists and anthropologists. While primatologists are, by definition, interested in understanding monkeys and apes, the rationale for our studies is often the production of models with which we can better understand humans – particularly human health and disease. Many primatologists, therefore, spend their research life at the interface between the study of monkeys as monkeys and monkeys as models. I will discuss three examples of how research at this interface can both improve production of biomedical models and can provide resources to better understand monkeys as monkeys: 1. Spontaneous variability in litter size in marmosets as a potential model of intrauterine constraint and its effects on adult body composition and health; 2. Sex differences in age-specific mortality in marmosets and its relation to understanding gender effects on aging; 3. Use of the marmoset genome as a tool to understand the evolution of reduction in body size in callitrichid primates.