Abstract # 155:

Scheduled for Friday, June 22, 2012 07:00 PM-09:00 PM: Session 22 (Gardenia) Poster Presentation


OWL MONKEYS (AOTUS SPP.) SOCIALLY ANOINT

J. P. Jefferson1, E. Tapanes1 and B. Ramil2
1Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199, USA, 2The DuMond Conservancy for Primates and Tropical Forests
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     Self-anointing has been described in several species of New World monkey and occurs when they rub their pelage with odiferous substances. Capuchins have also been reported to anoint in a social context. Owl monkey (Aotus spp.) anointing resembles that of capuchins, so consequently we presented 26 socially-housed Aotus at the DuMond Conservancy (14 males, 11 females, and one juvenile ranging in age from 21 months to thirty years) with millipedes in order to document social anointing. Social anointing has been observed anecdotally in this colony for almost ten years. Data were collected from January through June of 2011. Our data was also supplemented with observations on nine Aotus collected from 2002. Social anointing occurred when two or more subjects rubbed their bodies against one another while anointing. Subjects were presented with millipedes and observed for five minutes to record the frequency and duration of any bout(s) of social anointing. In 24 presentations, we observed a total of 25 separate bouts of social anointing. Twenty-four of 35 subjects were observed to socially anoint. All ages and both sexes were observed to socially anoint. The duration of social anointing bouts ranged from 5-322 seconds with a median duration of 30 seconds. Our findings extend our knowledge of social anointing to another species of neo-tropical primate and emphasize the strong similarity in anointing between capuchins and owl monkeys.