Abstract # 113:

Scheduled for Friday, June 22, 2012 03:40 PM-04:10 PM: Session 17 (Magnolia) Oral Presentation


ADJUSTMENT OF VETERINARY TREATMENT STRATEGIES MAY REDUCE THE RISK OF SOCIAL ENDPOINTS IN LARGE SOCIAL GROUPS OF RHESUS MACAQUES (MACACA MULATTA)

B. McCowan and H. Elfenbein
University of California, Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, CA 95616, USA
line
     Temporary removal and reintroduction of animals from their social group are sometimes necessary for proper medical treatment. Removal of animals can affect overall group stability, and thus ultimately a group’s reproductive performance. Such removal can also affect an individual’s ability to be returned to their group due to risk of serious injury and, in turn, their socialization success and well-being. Little is known about the life history or social factors leading to successful or unsuccessful reintroduction of animals into established groups. Rank, sex, age, and length of hospital stay were examined to assess their influence the success of reintroduction of rhesus macaques to their social group. Overall, successful reintroduction of animals was high, approximately 98% which included over 5,000 reintroduction attempts. Risk factors for unsuccessful reintroduction included length and reason for hospitalization and age and sex of the animal. Minimizing hospital stays for individuals of certain age/sex classes as well as rank, and designing new approaches for veterinary treatment through the use of cooperative training techniques, where practical, may enhance reintroduction efforts and the successful maintenance of stable social groups.