Abstract # 171:

Scheduled for Friday, June 21, 2013 07:00 PM-09:00 PM: Session 21 (SG Foyer ABC) Poster Presentation


K. Corogenes1, M. Arandjelovic1, H. Kuehl1, G. Mayanja2, K. Zuberbuehler2,3,4 and C. Boesch1
1Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Primatology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig 04103, USA, 2Budongo Conservation Field Station, 3Université de Neuchâtel, 4University of St Andrews
     A major achievement of ape field research has been the cataloguing of demographic, behavioural and cultural diversity across ape populations. However, the complex processes generating the observed spatial patterns of diversity have not yet been well understood. Scientists of the Pan African Programme have been collecting systematic ecological, social, and demographic data from 30-40 chimpanzee research sites across the chimpanzee range. As a case study, we present a summary of data collected in a 3x3 km area in the Budongo Forest reserve, Uganda from June 2012 to March 2013. Traditional ecological data collection, including habitat plots and line transects, was conducted to determine vegetation abundance and distribution as well as tool and prey species availability. This was coupled with non-invasive techniques including collection of shed chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) hair for isotope analysis (N=220) to determine the biological properties of chimpanzee diet as well as faecal samples for genetic (N=198), pathogen (N=50), and dietary analyses (N=116). Video camera traps were both systematically and opportunistically installed and recorded over 200 chimpanzee video clips and will be used to calculate chimpanzee density and demographic structure using facial recognition software. Once completed for all sites, we will be able to answer the fundamental question of what influence genetics, environment and social transmission has on the wealth and diversity of chimpanzee culture observed across Africa.