Abstract # 40:

Scheduled for Thursday, June 20, 2013 04:00 PM-04:15 PM: Session 6 (San Geronimo Ballroom B) Oral Presentation


A PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF THE RHESUS MONKEY (MACACA MULATTA) STERILIZATION PROGRAM IN THE HIMALAYAN STATE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH, INDIA

S. K. Sahoo, A. Kumari and V. Chand
Primate Research Division of the Conservation Himalayas, 977/2, Sector 41-A, Chandigarh 160036, India, Chandigarh (Union Teritories) 160036, India
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      The rhesus monkey population is wide spread in Himachal Pradesh (HP), India. The rhesus crop depredation and nuisance in HP have been an issue of both political and community concern in recent years forcing the forest department to launch rhesus monkey sterilization program in 2007. With a view to study the current infant-adult female ratios in both sterilized and non-sterilized rhesus groups, we evaluated the rhesus sterilization program at three locations in HP- Shimla city for one sterilized rhesus group (SRG) and one non-sterilized rhesus group (NSRG), Narkanda rural for one SRG and one NSRG, and Thanedhar rural for one SRG and one NSRG. The results revealed that the infant-adult female ratio in the Shimla city was 62.5% (10 infants for 16 adult females) for the SRG and 69.2% (9 infants for 13 adult females) for the NSRG. The infant-adult female ratio in Narkanda was 73.3 % (11 infants for 15 adult females) for the SRG and 72.7% (8 infants for 11 adult females) for the NSRG. At Thanedhar, infant-adult female ratio was 70% (7 infants for 10 adult females) for the SRG and 66.7% (6 infants for 9 adult females) for the NSRG. This result indicates that the monkey sterilization program in HP needs proper scientific management for its future success as a strategy to control the rhesus population growth and reduce human-monkey conflicts.