Abstract # 157:

Scheduled for Sunday, September 14, 2014 07:00 PM-09:00 PM: Session 22 (Decatur B) Poster Presentation


SURVEY OF THE LONG-TAILED MACAQUES (MACACA FASCICULARIS) ON JAVA, INDONESIA: DISTRIBUTION AND HUMAN-PRIMATE CONFLICT

R. C. Kyes1,2, E. Iskandar2, D. P. Farajallah2, S. Saputro2, P. Kyes1, F. Iskandar3 and J. Pamungkas2
1Depts of Psychology and Global Health, Center for Global Field Study, Washington National Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 2Primate Research Center, Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia, 3Directorate for Conservation of Natural Resources, Directorate General of Forest and Nature Conservation, Dept. of Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia
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     Despite presumed abundance and widespread distribution, limited data exist on the status of the longtailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) population in Indonesia. In 2009, we conducted a preliminary survey of M. fasciculars on Java to assess their distribution and the increasing reports of human-primate conflict. As a follow-up, we conducted a more thorough survey of the island during 3-17 March and 16-25 October 2012, covering 8,079km. Travel and observation occurred from 7am until 8pm daily and involved the use of secondary roads to allow for frequent stops to query local people regarding the presence/absence of M. fasciculars. Over the 25-day survey period, we visited 78 sites across Java with reported or confirmed monkey sightings (national parks, nature reserves, agricultural areas, local tourist sites). Reports of human-primate conflict were noted at 54 of the 78 sites and typically involved various forms of crop raiding or stealing food. The average reported population size was 67.9 monkeys (range: 5-450). Also striking was the vast area with reports of “no monkeys here.” These macaque populations are often located in areas of human habitation, where sightings and conflict occur frequently, and may lead to assumptions of over-abundance in regions where actual population size is much smaller then perceived. Supported by: Indonesian Department of Higher Education, International Research Collaboration and Scientific Publication Grant to PSSP-IPB; ORIP, NIH Grant No. P51OD010425 to WaNPRC.