Abstract # 82:

Scheduled for Sunday, September 14, 2014 10:10 AM-10:25 AM: Session 13 (Decatur A) Oral Presentation


PRIMATE TOURISM : THE PROS AND CONS OF HUMAN-PRIMATE ENCOUNTERS

A. E. Russon1 and J. Wallis2
1Glendon College of York University, Dept. of Psychology, Toronto, ON M4N 3M6, USA, 2Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Environment,University of Oklahoma
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     This paper assesses the impacts of human-primate encounters in primate tourism. Primate tourism, now a major form of the human-primate interface, is considered one of the most important issues facing primatology in the 21st century. It has often been promoted as a conservation tool on the view that it offers high gains and low impact, with controlled human presence being a major protective factor. Human presence is also responsible for some of primate tourism’s major costs to the primates visited, however, notably conflict, disease transmission, and behavioral disruption. This paper aims to assess and weigh the impacts of encountering humans on the primates visited, based on our review of empirical studies on the frequency and nature of these encounters and primates’ responses to them. Findings represent tourism with primates living free in native habitat, for a broad sample of the world's living primates (19 species: 8 new world and 5 old world monkeys, 3 prosimians, 3 great apes). We report the nature of the primate-human encounters that commonly occur in the primate tourism context and their known impacts on the primates visited. Discussion concerns the patterns that emerge and recommendations for managing primate tourism to control and limit the adverse effects.