Abstract # 117:

Scheduled for Friday, June 19, 2015 10:00 AM-10:15 AM: (Cascade H) Oral Presentation


M. Bloomsmith1, S. Lambeth2, C. Lutz3, A. Clay1, A. Franklin1, K. Neu1, J. Perlman1, L. Reamer2, M. Mareno2, S. Schapiro2, M. Vazquez3 and S. Bourgeois3
1Yerkes National Primate Res. Ctr., Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA, 2Michale E. Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine and Research, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 3Southwest National Primate Research Center

Behavioral assessment is an essential element of chimpanzee care. Behavioral data were compiled from three chimpanzee laboratory facilities (N=340; 201 females, 139 males) using differing methods of assessment including quantitative data collection, animal records and observations by behavioral management staff. The subject pool contained 46% mother-reared (MR), 41% nursery-reared (NR), and 13% other-reared chimpanzees. Mean group size was 4 (range 2 to 14), 100% had access to outdoor space all year, and 65% had access to a natural substrate. The presence of species-typical chimpanzee behaviors was surveyed: 96% of the subjects used tools to acquire food; 77% built nests; and 73% copulated. Fifty-eight percent of the subjects showed one or more abnormal behaviors; the most common was coprophagy. Ninety-nine percent were reported to generally voluntarily cooperate with requests to shift, 99% show at least one body part for examination, and 72% present for an anesthetic injection. Chi-square analyses revealed NR animals were less likely than MR to use tools (Chi-square = 9.97, p = .007), build nests (Chi-square = 62.51, p = .000), copulate (Chi-square = 45.79, p = .000), and display coprophagy (Chi-square = 11.33, p = .003) or hair-plucking (Chi-square = 8.40, p = .015). This analysis will help guide future improvements in behavioral management to address existing behavioral problems or deficits.