Abstract # 6165 Event # 147:

Scheduled for Friday, June 19, 2015 03:15 PM-03:30 PM: (Cascade H) Oral Presentation


AN ANALYSIS OF SELF-INJURIOUS BEHAVIOR IN A LARGE SAMPLE OF CAPTIVE PRIMATES

M. Bloomsmith1, K. Baker2, R. Bellanca3, K. Coleman4, M. Fahey5, C. Lutz6, A. Martin1, B. McCowan7, J. Perlman1 and J. Worlein3
1Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA, 2Tulane National Primate Research Center, 3Washington National Primate Research Center, 4Oregon National Primate Research Center, 5New England National Primate Research Center, 6Southwest National Primate Research Center, 7California National Primate Research Center
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     Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a serious behavioral problem that occurs in some captive primates. This study compiled information on SIB across 21,970 primates living at 7 National Primate Research Centers. Each facility used the “Self-injurious Behavior Scale” developed by the Behavioral Management Consortium to track individuals who expressed SIB. Overall, 0.7% (n = 159) of the subjects were reported to have wounded themselves during the one-year study period. The mean age of the SIB subjects was 7.7 years, 72% were males, 55% were mother-reared, and 64% lived alone during most of the study period. The mean number of wounds per subject was 3, 45% of the SIB subjects had only one incident of self-wounding, and 72% only had wounds meeting criteria for the mild category of SIB. Species differences were apparent with the prevalence of SIB varying from 0% to 3.7% across 9 species. Available records (n=113) showed 18% of the SIB subjects were treated with drug therapy. Chi-square analyses indicated no relationship between severity of the self-inflicted wounds and species, sex, rearing history, or social housing, but those undergoing drug therapy were more likely to have inflicted a severe wound (chi-square = 40.1, p<0.001). Enhancing our understanding of subjects that engage in SIB will be helpful in identifying those most at risk, and for preventing this problematic behavior.