Abstract # 6191 Poster # 185:

Scheduled for Friday, June 19, 2015 06:00 PM-08:00 PM: (Cascade AJBCD) Poster Presentation


LEADERSHIP IN THE COLLECTIVE MOVEMENTS OF TIBETAN MACAQUES (MACACA THIBETANA) AT MT. HUANGSHAN, CHINA

G. P. Fratellone1, L. Sun1, L. K. Sheeran1, R. S. Wagner1 and J. H. Li2
1Primate Behavior and Ecology Program, Central Washington University, 400 East University Way, Ellensburg, Washington 98926, USA, 2School of Life Sciences, Hefei Normal University, 1688 Lianhua Road, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China
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     As a socially well-connected and cohesive species, humans tend to make many collective decisions. How do nonhuman species collectively relay information? We present data on the leadership of collective movements in Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) in Mt. Huangshan, China by analyzing their movements in relation to their social networks. All-occurrence sampling was used to investigate collective movement patterns, and focal and scan sampling were used to retrieve information on their affiliative and agonistic behaviors for a complete social network analysis. There were a total of 128 successful collective movements recorded over a two-month period. All 20 adult individuals participated in collective movement leadership. There was no significant effect of sex, age or rank on the leadership frequency of adult troop members. However, the highest-ranking female (YH) and a young female (TXX) significantly led more collective movements than expected by chance. The strength and eigenvector centrality of affiliative and agonistic social networks were significantly correlated with collective movement. Both females belong to different clusters in the social network analysis of collective movement, meaning that certain individuals tend to move with one female or the other. Individuals belonging to these two clusters may be a consequence of the mating season. An alpha level of .05 was used for all statistical tests. Supported by NSFC (30970414 & 31172106) and NSF-OISE (1065589).