Abstract # 30:

Scheduled for Saturday, June 20, 2015 02:00 PM-02:15 PM: (Cascade E) Oral Presentation


UTILIZING NOVEL OBJECT TEMPERAMENT TESTS TO IMPROVE ENRICHMENT PROVISION TO MACAQUES

S. L. Nelsen1, J. Ha2, D. Bradford1 and P. Houghton1
1Panther Tracks Learning Center, 34200 Doctors Hammock Rd., Immokalee, FL 34142, USA, 2University of Washington
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     Studies have shown that there is a relationship between temperament and social housing, and temperament and operant conditioning training. When choosing enrichment for primates, it is common to base this upon species, age and behaviors. Until recently, temperament and enrichment have not been investigated. At Primate Products, 71 male Chinese macaques (Macaca fascicularis) were evaluated with novel object temperament tests. Once animals were separated into temperament categories of exploratory, moderate and inhibited, 45 were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 EE plans (control, low novel stimuli, and high novel stimuli) over 3 weeks. Each EE plan consisted of AM treat, non-food oriented enrichment and forage on turfboard. Effects of Time, EE Plan and Temperament were analyzed with a Repeated Measures, Two-Way ANOVA. For AM Treat, there was a significant effect for Temperament (F=18.05; df=2, 36; p<0.0001), but not Time or EE Plan, indicating that temperament is related to an animal’s willingness to accept treats. For non-food oriented enrichment, there was a significant effect for Time (F=4.76; df=5,160; p<0.0001), but not EE Plan or Temperament, indicating that over time all will use non-food oriented enrichment. For forage on turfboard, there was a significant effect for Time (F=14.209; df=5,185; p<0.0001), EE Plan (F=3.72; df=2,37; p=0.034) and an interaction between Time and EE Plan (F=3.72; df=2,37; p=0.034), but not Temperament, indicating that something else is effecting whether a macaque forages on turfboard, and this is more intensely effected by how novel the forage is.