Abstract # 870 Event # 126:

Scheduled for Friday, August 19, 2005 02:45 PM-03:00 PM: Session 10 (Mayfair Room) Oral Presentation


PREVALENCE OF ENZOOTIC SIMIAN VIRUSES AMONG PERFORMING MONKEYS IN JAKARTA, INDONESIA

L. Jones-Engel1, M. A. Schillaci2, G. A. Engel1,3, Y. Paramastri4, E. Iskandar4, B. Wilson5, J. Allan5, R. Kyes1,6 and R. Grant1
1Washington National Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Box 357330, Seattle, WA 98115, USA, 2Department of Social Sciences, University of Toronto at Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 3Swedish/Providence Family Practice Residency, Seattle, Washington, 4Primate Research Center, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia, 5Department of Virology and Immunology, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, Southwest National Primate Research Center, San Antonio, Texas, 6Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
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     Contact between nonhuman primates (NHPs) and humans can lead to zoonotic transmission. Some contexts of contact, such as those associated with NHP pet ownership, zoological parks, laboratory research involving captive NHPs, monkey temples, bushmeat hunting and the exotic animal trade are recognized. The risk of zoonotic exposure associated with other contexts of NHP/human contact such as urban and eco-tourism, however, is just now being explored. Although performing NHPs are encountered throughout the world, Asian cultures have perhaps the longest and most vibrant tradition of using NHPs for entertainment. We investigated the prevalence of infection with enzootic simian viruses among 20 performing monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) in Jakarta, Indonesia. This report documents for the first time evidence of infection with four simian viruses in urban performing monkeys. Of the 20 animals included in the study, 55% exhibited either serological evidence of exposure to simian retrovirus (SRV), simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV), or to Cercopithecine Herpesvirus 1 (CHV-1), or were PCR positive for the presence of simian foamy virus (SFV) DNA. These results suggest that urban performing monkeys are a reservoir for enzootic simian viruses known to be capable of infecting humans. The above research provides preliminary insight into an underappreciated context of human-NHP interaction and points the way to further study into the role of performing monkeys as a conduit for NHP-borne zoonoses.