Abstract # 13261 Event # 116:

Scheduled for Friday, August 10, 2018 08:30 AM-09:45 AM: (Regency West 1/3) Featured Speaker


P. A. Garber
Dept. of Anthropology, Univ. of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
     Although our knowledge and theoretical understanding of the behavior, ecology, reproductive biology, and social systems of wild primates have increased remarkably over the past 40 years, we are confronted with the reality that approximately 60% of the worlds’ primate species are threatened, endangered, or critically endangered. Given that the overwhelming destruction to the world’s nonhuman primate community has occurred during the past 100 years, unless primate-habitat countries, international organizations, consumer nations, and global citizens take immediate action to protect primate populations and their habitats, many taxa are likely to become extinct or effectively extinct in the next 25-50 years. In this presentation, I examine the primate extinction crisis facing China, a country of ~1.4 billion people, the world’s second largest economy, and home to 7 genera and 25 species of of lorises, cercopithecines, colobines, and hylobatids. Some 80% of China’s primates are threatened and at least 15 species have total population sizes of <3000 individuals, including 6 species, each with a population size of <500 individuals. Based on an integrated model to assess the global environment, by the year 2100 we expect that between 51-87% of the current range of these primates will overlap with areas of agricultural expansion. I discuss measures that China and other countries can take to protect biodiversity, enhance environmental sustainability, and reduce the dangers of habitat degradation to both their human and nonhuman primate populations. Finally to promote conservation, I encourage field primatologists to include a strong activist component in their research, writing, and teaching.