Abstract # 141:

Scheduled for Friday, June 19, 2015 03:00 PM-05:30 PM: (Cascade H) Symposium


DOCUMENTING, UNDERSTANDING AND TREATING ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR IN PRIMATES

M. Bloomsmith1 and K. Baker2
1Yerkes National Primate Res. Ctr., Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA, 2Tulane National Primate Research Center
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     Abnormal behaviors are important measures when scientists assess captive primate welfare, as abnormal behavior can be interpreted to indicate compromised welfare. Presentations on a broad spectrum of relevant topics will include measurement, factors influencing abnormal behavior, therapies that have been applied, and methods to prevent the development of abnormal behavior. A documentation system for abnormal behavior that could have broad application will be detailed. A summary of demographic variables that impact self-injurious behavior across a large sample of primates will be presented, as will a longitudinal study evaluating time-related changes in self-injurious behavior. Another will examine relationships among abnormal behavior, stress reactivity, and anxiety. An analysis of alopecia across three facilities will evaluate intrinsic and environmental variables related to hair loss. Two assessments of potential therapies for abnormal behavior will be described--providing additional space for primates as a treatment for stereotyped behavior, and testing supplemental enrichment as therapy for self-biting and self-injurious behavior. Drug therapies used for treatment of self-injurious behavior will be reviewed. Nursery rearing practices that may prevent or delay the onset of abnormal behavior in young macaques will be described. An evaluation of abnormal behavior in nursery-reared mangabeys will include a discussion of surrogate rearing as a means to reduce abnormal behavior. Understanding factors that impact the expression of abnormal behavior is critical in controlling and preventing abnormal behavior.