Abstract # 2799 Event # 26:

Scheduled for Thursday, June 17, 2010 02:45 PM-05:00 PM: Session 10 (Mezzanine Ballroom A/B/C/D) Symposium


LAGOTHRIX: TAXONOMY, CONSERVATION, ECOLOGY, BEHAVIOR, HUSBANDRY, AND MEDICAL ENIGMA

B. C. White
Centre College, Psychobiology Program, 600 W. Walnut St., Danville, KY 40422, USA
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Woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagothrica) with four subspecies have traditionally shared the genus with L. flavicauda. Challenges to this organization have created controversy and stimulated study of the taxonomic relationships, using a variety of approaches. Does the yellow tail woolly monkey belong in a separate genus? Are the lagothrica subspecies separate species? Along with the provocative phyletic studies, the past several decades have brought us to a better understanding of the ecology, behavior, and conservation of these animals. Recent evidence suggests that hunting may be the reason that woolly monkeys have long been absent from forest fragments. Fifty years ago woolly monkeys were among the most popular and highly priced primate pets in North America and Europe. From the thousands imported as young animals in the 1960’s and 70’s, few survived into the 80’s. Several breeding colonies were established in Europe and North America with diminishing survival. Much of the captive behavior is similar to that of animals in the wild. Studies of their diet, physiology, and behavior have examined several alternative reasons for their poor survival in captive settings. The Louisville Zoo has the remnants of a once successful group from the late 80’s. As a result, Louisville has gained considerable experience with husbandry and medical treatment of the species’ singular hypertensive condition.