Abstract # 35:

Scheduled for Saturday, September 17, 2011 01:30 PM-04:00 PM: Session 9 (Meeting Room 410) Symposium


K. A. Phillips1,2
1Department of Psychology , Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212, USA, 2Southwest National Primate Research Center

This symposium highlights studies investigating species-typical behavior in primates and the neural basis of those behaviors. While neurobiologists have long studied primate brains, and primatologists have long studied primate behavior, until recently there has been little attempt to integrate these two in a deliberate manner. The scientists participating in the symposium do just that. The researchers will present novel insights gained from the application of a diverse array of quantitative neuroimaging and neuroanatomical techniques to understand primate behavior and cognition. Topics presented include: the development of neocortical synapses in chimpanzees, relating delayed maturation of the prefrontal cortex to an elongated life history strategy and enhanced learning in subadulthood; evidence for a series of frontal-parietal networks, each specifically devoted to different ethologically relevant behaviors; resting-state functional connectivity networks in capuchin monkeys; the neurobiological correlates of multimodal communication in chimpanzees; neural correlates of pair bonding in titi monkeys; comparing and contrasting human and non-human primate auditory memory capabilities and the distributed nature of neural processing for primate communication and complex signals. Collectively, these presentations will illustrate the beauty of taking a multidisciplinary approach toward an integrated understanding of primate behavior.