Abstract # 57:

Scheduled for Friday, June 18, 2010 08:00 AM-12:00 PM: Session 12 (Medallion Ballroom A/B) Symposium


SOCIAL PROCESSES AND DISEASE IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES

J. Capitanio
University of California, California National Primate Research Center, Davis, CA 95616, USA
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It is a commonplace that social factors are involved in disease in animal species – pathogens are usually spread, for example, via social means. However, social factors, particularly those associated with negative interactions (stress) can modulate an individual’s physiological response to a disease process. In addition, social influences on disease are not restricted to intraspecific interactions. And understanding of how social factors influence disease processes can have evolutionary, ecological, and captive management implications. This symposium brings together scientists with a variety of perspectives to address the topic of how social factors affect disease. Charles Nunn, an ASP Featured Speaker, will discuss his comparative work in disease ecology, and theoretical models that link sociality and parasitism. Stephanie Willard will discuss how position in a hierarchy influences risk for a variety of health-related outcomes. Lisa Jones-Engel will discuss the social contexts and predisposing factors associated with bidirectional transmission of pathogens between human and nonhuman primates. Steve Schapiro will provide a colony management perspective, discussing procedures that provide socialization to insure normal behavior while still restricting the opportunity for pathogen transmission. Tom Gillespie will discuss strategies for understanding inter-specific pathogen transmission dynamics and the implications of human-nonhuman primate transmission for conservation and global health. Together, these presentations will illustrate how the social nature of primates affects, and is affected by, disease processes.